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Legal Age Usa The Legal Age of Consent in the Us by State VideoAges of consent in the United States
Davon Legal Age Usa, muss. - IntroductionNamensräume Artikel Diskussion.
Apart from the federal law on statutory rape, each of the states in the US has its local laws regarding consensual sex. The consensual age varies from 16 years to 18 years depending on the state.
In 32 of the US states, the legal age of consent is 16 years. They include Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Connecticut, Georgia, Indiana, Hawaii, Iowa, Kentucky, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Washington.
In Connecticut for example, a person aged 13 years can give in to a sexual relationship if the older partner is not more than three years their senior.
Specifically sections The age of consent in Mississippi is Statutory rape; enhanced penalty for forcible sexual intercourse or statutory rape by administering certain substances.
The age of consent in Missouri is There is a 4-year "close in age" exception for minors aged 14—16, but NO exception for those aged 13 or below.
Mistake as to the age of the victim may be a defense in some circumstances as defined in RSMo While the statutory titles are cast in terms of Rape and Sodomy, the statutes prohibit conduct that is described as "sexual intercourse" and "deviant sexual intercourse".
Statutory rape, second degree, penalty. A person commits the crime of statutory rape in the second degree if being twenty-one years of age or older, he has sexual intercourse with another person who is less than seventeen years of age.
Statutory sodomy, second degree, penalty. A person commits the crime of statutory sodomy in the second degree if being twenty-one years of age or older, he has deviate sexual intercourse with another person who is less than seventeen years of age.
Child molestation, fourth degree, penalty. A person commits the offense of child molestation in the fourth degree if, being more than four years older than a child who is less than seventeen years of age, subjects the child to sexual contact.
The offense of child molestation in the fourth degree is a class E felony. Child molestation, third degree, penalty A person commits the offense of child molestation in the third degree if he or she subjects a child who is less than fourteen years of age to sexual contact.
The offense of child molestation in the third degree is a class C felony, unless committed by the use of forcible compulsion, in which case it is a class B felony.
The age of consent in Montana is 16 per Montana Code Annotated section c. The age of consent in Nebraska is In addition Nebraska has a law prohibiting "lewdly inducing" a person under 17 to "carnally know" any other person.
Sexual assault; first degree; penalty. The sentencing judge shall consider whether the actor caused serious personal injury to the victim in reaching a decision on the sentence.
Sexual assault of a child; first degree; penalty. The age of consent in Nevada is NRS As used in NRS The age of consent in New Hampshire is Sexual penetration with a person at least 13 but younger than 16 years old is always illegal, but is only a misdemeanor if the age difference is under 4 years, and in that case the "offender" is not required to register as a sex offender.
Sexual contact without penetration is legal between those 13—15 years of age and partners less than 5 years older. However, if the partner is acting "in loco parentis", e.
NH Criminal code Section A:3 and Section A:2 Section A There is an exception. If the victim is less than 18 and the partner is a parent, guardian, sibling or any other person closer than a fourth cousin or has any type of authority over the victim for example, a teacher then the assailant may be charged with a crime.
For instance, it's criminal for a manager of any age to have sex with a year-old subordinate, even if the sex is consensual. State law specifies by not saying anything that minors between 13 and 15 years old may, in general, engage in a consensual sexual relationship with someone up to four years older.
Therefore, for example, it is legal for a year-old male or female to engage in consensual sex with a person up to 18 years of age.
Specifically, NJ state law details three circumstances of sexual assault under which the age of consent is pertinent. For aggravated sexual assault a crime of the first degree , a person must have committed sexual penetration that is, intercouse, oral or anal sex or something inserted while either 1 the victim was under 13 or 2 the assailant exercised some legal or occupational authority over the victim who was between 13 and All other conditions for aggravated sexual assault do not impact the NJ age of consent.
Simple sexual assault a crime of the second degree is defined in two ways, according to N. A 2C b . First, a person must have committed sexual contact that is, intentional touching of intimate parts for sexual gratification while the victim was under 13 and the assailant was over four years older.
Or, second, a person must have committed sexual penetration defined above under aggravated sexual assault while not using force and either 1 the victim was 16 or 17 and one of the following conditions was true:.
All other conditions for simple sexual assault do not impact the NJ age of consent. In a period before the age of consent was raised to In May the New Jersey Legislature passed a bill sponsored by Christopher Jackman , the assembly speaker, changed the age of consent to This bill was scheduled to go into effect on September 1, By June there were reports Governor of New Jersey Brendan T.
Byrne had refused to sign the bill into law. The coordinator for New Jersey Majority Women, Elizabeth Sadowski, asked for a postponement of this bill.
The age of consent for penetrative sexual activity in New Mexico is 16 with age gap, marital, and school employee provisions. Whoever commits criminal sexual penetration in the fourth degree is guilty of a fourth degree felony.
This was also confirmed by the Supreme Court of New Mexico in Perez v State , in which it was determined that mistake of age may be a potential defense to charges of criminal sexual penetration where the "victim" is over 13 years of age.
The court stated; "The fact that knowledge of a child's age is not an essential element of the crime does not dispose of defendant's argument that mistake of fact may be raised as a defense.
It simply means that the state does not have to prove defendant knew the victim was under the age of sixteen.
Whether or not mistake of fact may be raised as a defense depends on whether the legislature intended the crime to be a strict liability offense or whether criminal intent is required.
The statutes of enticement of a child and criminal sexual communication with a child also apply in cases where the victim is younger than Enticement of child consists of: A.
Criminal sexual communication with a child consists of a person knowingly and intentionally communicating directly with a specific child under sixteen years of age by sending the child obscene images of the person's intimate parts by means of an electronic communication device when the perpetrator is at least four years older than the child.
For non-penetrative contact, the minimum age specified is This increases to 18 if the defendant is in a position of authority, and uses this authority to coerce the minor to submit.
It is a 4th degree felony, but not a sexual offense. The age of consent in New York is The latter three acts were known by statute as "deviant sexual intercourse" prior to Non-intercourse sexual activity is also regulated based on age.
Non-intercourse sexual activity, called "sexual contact" is defined as " any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person not married to the actor for the purpose of gratifying sexual desire of either party.
It includes the touching of the actor by the victim, as well as the touching of the victim by the actor, whether directly or through clothing.
If the person is underage such "sexual contact" can constitute the crime of "sexual abuse". It is not a defense that the perpetrator believed the victim was older than is later proven.
That age is 16 years old. Someone under that age may be adjudicated a juvenile delinquent, but may not commit these crimes. On the other hand , someone who is 16 years old commits a crime by voluntarily having sex with anyone who cannot themselves legally consent to sex, including another year-old, even if this "victim" is actually older.
People v. Bowman , 88 Misc. In effect, mutual crimes are committed when two unmarried year-old individuals voluntarily have sex with each other in New York State, each being the "victim" of the other.
Thus, any person who commits one of these lesser offenses would necessarily commit the greater offense of "Predatory sexual assault against a child. Lawrence, 81 A.
There are other special offenses, namely "Course of sexual conduct against a child in the first degree" and "Course of sexual conduct against a child in the second degree" that punish sex with an underage person combined with an additional illegal sexual act during wide time periods.
These do not subject a person to more punishment than the crimes listed above but provide only a gimmick for prosecutors to avoid the requirement that an individual sex act be specified in a rape indictment.
See, People v. Beauchamp, 74 N. Actual "violence" is irrelevant. New York Penal Law Article The age of consent in North Carolina is However, certain exceptions to this general rule exist.
This prohibition covers adults and students who were at the school at the same time, and continues in force as long as the younger person is a student at any K school, regardless of age.
Statutory rape or sexual offense of person who is 13, 14, or 15 years old. North Carolina General Statutes Chapter The age of consent in North Dakota is 18, with a close-in-age exemption for minors aged 15—17 as long as the older partner is less than three years older.
A person who engages in a sexual act with another, or who causes another to engage in a sexual act, is guilty of an offense if Under section Sexual assault.
In North Dakota law, "minor" refers to individuals under the age of 18 and "adult" refers to individuals aged 18 or older. The age of consent in Ohio is 16 as specified by Section However, there exists a close-in-age exception where a minor 13 or older can consent to sex as long as their partner is less than 18 years old.
It is illegal for a person of any age to have sex with a child beneath 13 years of age who they are not married to.
However, the preceding statute, Section These two crimes are not considered to be sexual offenses. The age of consent in Oklahoma is An employee of a school system who has sexual conduct with a student of that school system aged between 16 and 19 may face criminal charges in Oklahoma: "Rape is an act of sexual intercourse involving vaginal or anal penetration accomplished with a male or female who is not the spouse of the perpetrator and who may be of the same or the opposite sex as the perpetrator under any of the following circumstances Where the victim is at least sixteen 16 years of age and is less than twenty 20 years of age and is a student, or under the legal custody or supervision of any public or private elementary or secondary school, junior high or high school, or public vocational school, and engages in sexual intercourse with a person who is eighteen 18 years of age or older and is an employee of the same school system" 21 O.
The age of consent in Oregon is Sexual offenses are defined under the Oregon Revised Statutes Chapter With regards to age only, the following offenses are defined.
ORS Additionally, Oregon has a three-year rule defined under ORS However, this does not apply to Rape 1, or Sodomy 1, effectively limiting the age to However, a person within the three-year limit can still be charged with Sexual Misconduct Class C Misdemeanor under ORS The age of consent in Pennsylvania is 16 years of age for sexual consent.
Teenagers aged 13, 14 and 15 may or may not be able to legally engage in sexual activity with partners who are less than 4 years older. Such partners could not be prosecuted under statutory rape laws, but may be liable for other offenses, even when the sexual activity is consensual.
In December the Pennsylvania Legislature passed an amendment stating that an employee of a school who engages in sexual relations with any student or athletic player under the age of 18 may receive a third-degree felony charge.
In Governor of Pennsylvania Tom Corbett signed into law an amendment making this law apply to athletic coaches who work outside of an educational setting.
Historically Pennsylvania prosecutors were only allowed to issue misdemeanor charges such as corruption of minors against teachers and coaches who had sex with 16 and year-old students.
Under Pennsylvania law, a defendant is strictly liable for the offense of rape, a felony of the first degree, when the complainant is 12 or younger.
Pennsylvania has enacted several other strict liability sexual offenses when the complainant is under 16, but 13 years old or older.
Except as provided in section relating to rape , a person commits a felony of the second degree when that person engages in sexual intercourse with a complainant under the age of 16 years and that person is four or more years older than the complainant and the complainant and the person are not married to each other.
When the alleged victim is 16 or older and less than 18 years of age, and the alleged offender is over the age of 18, the Commonwealth may charge the offense of corruption of minors or unlawful contact with a minor, even if the activity was consensual:.
The crime of corruption of minors is usually a crime that accompanies another "more serious" crime such as statutory rape or involuntary deviate sexual intercourse or accompanies some drug or alcohol use, possession or sale.
Tending to corrupt like contributing to delinquency is a broad term involving conduct toward a child in an unlimited variety of ways which tends to produce or to encourage or to continue conduct of the child which would amount to delinquent conduct.
The question of whether consensual intercourse with a minor 16 years or older tends to corrupt the morals of that minor is a jury question to be decided by the "common sense of the community".
There is also a corruption of minors statute against adults corrupting the morals of minors under 18 years of age. In JoAnne Epps, a former prosecutor and Temple University Beasley School of Law dean of academic affairs, stated that the corruption of minors charge is considered to be a separate crime from that of statutory rape; she stated that the consideration of whether a minor is consenting to sexual activity is a separate issue from whether someone is corrupting the minor's morals.
The age of consent in Rhode Island is Sexual intercourse with a minor aged 14—15 by an actor 18 or older is third degree sexual assault, sexual intercourse with a minor under the age of 14 by an actor of any age is child molestation.
However, there is a close-in-age exception that allows people aged 16—17 to have sex with a minor aged 14 or 15, but not younger. The minimum age for non-penetrative sexual contact is The age of consent in South Carolina is Criminal sexual conduct: definitions However, a person may not be convicted of a violation of the provisions of this item if he is eighteen years of age or less when he engages in consensual sexual conduct with another person who is at least fourteen years of age.
C A person is guilty of criminal sexual conduct with a minor in the third degree if the actor is over fourteen years of age and the actor wilfully and lewdly commits or attempts to commit a lewd or lascivious act upon or with the body, or its parts, of a child under sixteen years of age, with the intent of arousing, appealing to, or gratifying the lust, passions, or sexual desires of the actor or the child.
However, a person may not be convicted of a violation of the provisions of this subsection if the person is eighteen years of age or less when the person engages in consensual lewd or lascivious conduct with another person who is at least fourteen years of age.
The age of consent in South Dakota is 16 and there is no close-in-age exemption, although if the perpetrator is within three years of age of the victim or is under 18 the penalties are reduced.
Rape defined—Degrees—Felony. Rape is an act of sexual penetration accomplished with any person under any of the following circumstances Sexual contact with child under sixteen—Felony or misdemeanor.
Any person, sixteen years of age or older, who knowingly engages in sexual contact with another person, other than that person's spouse if the other person is under the age of sixteen years is guilty of a Class 3 felony.
If the actor is less than three years older than the other person, the actor is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. If an adult has a previous conviction for a felony violation of this section, any subsequent felony conviction for a violation under this section, is a Class 2 felony.
Sexual contact with child under sixteen years of age—Violation as misdemeanor. Any person, younger than sixteen years of age, who knowingly engages in sexual contact with another person, other than his or her spouse, if such other person is younger than sixteen years of age, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
The age of consent in Tennessee is Search Search:. Matthew Frankel, CFP TMFMathGuy. Updated: May 29, at PM. Published: Apr 25, at PM. Author Bio Matt is a Certified Financial Planner based in South Carolina who has been writing for The Motley Fool since Matt specializes in writing about bank stocks, REITs, and personal finance, but he loves any investment at the right price.
Follow him on Twitter to keep up with his latest work! Follow TMFMathGuy. What is the Age of Consent in the United States? By Brandon Barnett August 13, Sex Crimes.
No Comments 25 0. Is There a Uniform Age of Consent for all 50 States in the United States? United States Age of Consent Map United States Age of Consent Chart STATE LEGAL AGE OF CONSENT Alabama 16 Alaska 16 Arizona 18 Arkansas 16 California 18 Colorado 17 Connecticut 16 D.
Fort Worth Sexual Assault Defense Attorney Thank You BHW! As of August , each U. The age of consent in Mexico is complex.
Sexual relations which occur between adults and teenagers under 18 are left in a legal gray area: laws against corruption of minors as well as estupro laws can be applied to such acts, at the discretion of the prosecution.
These laws are situational and are subject to interpretation. The general age of consent in Mexico is The below is a list of all jurisdictions in North America as listed in List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America.
The age of consent is the age at or above which a person is considered to have the legal capacity to consent to sexual activity. Persons below the age of consent may not, by law, give consent, and sexual relations involving such persons may be punished by criminal sanctions similar to those for rape or sexual assault.
Non-violent sexual contact with persons under the age of consent may be punished with varying degrees of severity, ranging from a misdemeanor with a simple fine, to a felony with a punishment equivalent to rape.
Different ages may apply if one partner is in a position of power or authority over the other, such as a teacher, manager, coach, parent or stepparent.
For example, in Indiana the age of consent is 16 but it is illegal for a person over 18 to have sex with anyone under 18 if they work at their school, are their parent or a stepparent, or are a person recruiting them to join the military.
Historically, the age of consent applied to male-female relationships; same-sex relationships were often illegal regardless of the ages of participants.
Modern laws vary, and there may be multiple ages that apply in any jurisdiction. For instance, different ages may apply if the relationship is between partners of the same sex, or if the sexual contact is not strictly vaginal intercourse.
In Antigua and Barbuda , the age of consent is The age of consent in Anguilla is It is determined in Part 14 of the Criminal Code - SEXUAL OFFENCES - Sexual Offences Against Minors - by Article The age of consent in Aruba is 15, as specified in Article of the Criminal Code of Aruba which Aruba adapted after its secession from the Netherlands Antilles which reads:.
Article "A person who, out of wedlock, with a person who has reached the age of twelve but has not reached fifteen , performs indecent acts comprising or including sexual penetration of the body is liable to a term of imprisonment of not more than eight years or a fine of at most florin ".
In The Bahamas , the age of consent for opposite-sex activity is 16 and the age of consent for same-sex activity is Homosexuality was legalized in , but "public homosexuality" is an offense that carries a year jail term without parole.
Section 5, part I "Sexual intercourse with person between 14 and 16" of the Sexual Offences Act In Belize , the age of consent is 16, regardless of sexual orientation or gender.
Criminal Code [CAP. The Tackling Violent Crime Act took effect on 1 May , raising the age of consent from 14 to There are two close-in-age exemptions , depending on the age of the younger partner.
A youth of twelve or thirteen can consent to sexual activity with an individual less than two years older than them. A fourteen- or fifteen-year-old can consent to sexual activity with a partner who is less than five years older than them.
Criminal law including the definition of the age of consent is in the exclusive jurisdiction of the federal government , so the age of consent is uniform throughout Canada.
Section of the Criminal Code of Canada makes it a crime to touch, for a sexual purpose, any person under the age of 16 years.
Section then goes on to prohibit the sexual touching of a person under 18 by a person in three circumstances: if he or she is in a "position of trust or authority" towards the youth, if the youth is in a "relationship of dependency" with him or her, or if the relationship is "exploitative".
The term "position of trust or authority" is not defined in the Code but the courts have ruled that parents, teachers, and medical professionals hold a position of trust or authority towards youth they care for or teach.
Section 1. The "position of trust under 18" anti-exploitation rules were expanded in by Bill C-2 where a judge may choose to term a situation to be sexual exploitation based on the nature and circumstances of the relationship including the age of the younger party, age difference, evolution of the relationship how it developed, e.
This passed before the amendments, and they were not repealed so they are still in effect and can apply towards adults in these situations with young persons over the age of consent and under 18 Where an accused is charged with an offence under s.
During the 19th century, the age of consent for heterosexual vaginal sex was 12; in , the Parliament raised the age of consent to In , a law was enacted that made the "seduction" of a girl over 12 and under 16 "of previously chaste character" a criminal offence; the "seduction" of a female under 18 "under promise of marriage" was also made illegal in , and amended in to apply to females under The new measures still allow for close-in-age exceptions between 12 and if there is no more than a two-year gap for those 12 and 13, or a five-year gap for those 14 and In , the Criminal Code was amended to provide exemptions to the criminalization of consensual anal intercourse, including exemptions for husbands and wives and all persons over the age of In , Section was enacted, reducing the applicable age from 21 to Female homosexuality was never illegal in the former British colonies; oral sex was legalized in with the same age of consent as vaginal sex.
The age of consent in Cayman Islands is The age of consent in the Caribbean Netherlands Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius is 16, as specified by the Criminal Code BES, Articles , which reads:.
Art "A person who, out of wedlock, with a person who has reached the age of twelve but has not reached sixteen , performs indecent acts comprising or including sexual penetration of the body is liable to a term of imprisonment of not more than sixteen years".
Before prosecution, the public attorney will, if possible, allow the minor to indicate if prosecution is deemed desirable. Clipperton Island is an uninhabited nine-square-kilometre approx.
The laws of France where applicable apply. Costa Rica does not have an exact age of consent but has age difference limits between sexual partners, independent of gender.
Costa Rican law makes it illegal for a person 18 years of age or older to have sexual relations with another person less than 15 years old if the older party is five or more years older than the minor.
If the younger sexual partner is between 15 and 17 years old, the maximum age difference permitted is seven years. The age of consent in Cuba is Art "A person who, out of wedlock, with a person who has reached the age of twelve but has not reached fifteen , performs indecent acts comprising or including sexual penetration of the body is liable to a term of imprisonment of not more than sixteen years".